Section 230-236 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 230 to 236 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 230-236 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999 is under A (The Supreme Court of Nigeria) of Part I (Federal Courts) of Chapter VII (The Judicature) of the constitution.

Section 230 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Establishment of the Supreme Court of Nigeria

(1) There shall be a Supreme Court of Nigeria.
(2) The Supreme Court of Nigeria shall consist of –
(a) the Chief Justice of Nigeria; and
(b) such number of Justices of the Supreme Court, not exceeding twenty-one, as may be prescribed by an Act of the
National Assembly.

Section 231 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Appointment of Chief justices of Nigeria and justices of the Supreme Court

(1) The appointment of a person to the office of Chief Justice of Nigeria shall be made by the President on the
recommendation of the National Judicial Council subject to confirmation of such appointment by the Senate.
(2) The appointment of a person to the office of a Justice of the Supreme Court shall be made by the President on the
National Judicial Council subject to confirmation of such appointment by the senate.
(3) A person shall not be qualified to hold the office of Chief Justice of Nigeria or a Justice of the Supreme Court,
unless he is qualified to practice as a legal practitioner in Nigeria and has been so qualified for a period of not less
than fifteen years.
(4) If the office of Chief Justice of Nigeria is vacant or if the person holding the office is for any reason unable to
perform the functions of the office, then until a person has been appointed to and has assumed the functions of that
office, or until the person holding has resumed those functions, the President shall appoint the most senior Justice of
the Supreme Court to perform those functions.
(5) Except on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council, an appointment pursuant to the provisions of
subsection (4) of this section shall cease to have effect after the expiration of three months from the date of such
appointment, and the President shall not re-appointment a person whose appointment has lapsed.

SEE ALSO  Section 2 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 232 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Original jurisdiction

(1) The Supreme Court shall, to the exclusion of any other court, have original jurisdiction in any dispute
between the Federation and a state or between states if and in so far as that dispute involves any question (whether
of law or fact) on which the existence or extent of a legal right depends.
(2) In addition to the jurisdiction conferred upon it by subsection (1) of this section, the Supreme Court shall have
such original jurisdiction as may be conferred upon it by any Act of the National Assembly.
Provided that no original jurisdiction shall be conferred upon the Supreme Court with respect to any criminal matter.

Section 233 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Appellate jurisdiction

(1) The Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction, to the exclusion of any other court of law in Nigeria, to hear and
determine appeals from the Court of Appeal.

(2) An appeal shall lie form decisions of the Court of Appeal to the Supreme Court as of right in the following cases
(a) where the ground of appeal involves questions of law alone, decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings before
the Court of Appeal;
(b) decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to the interpretation or application of this
constitution,
(c) decisions in any civil or criminal proceedings on questions as to whether any of the provisions of Chapter IV of
this Constitution has been, is being or is likely to be, contravened in relation to any person;
(d) decisions in any criminal proceedings in which any person has been sentenced to death by the Court of Appeal or
in which the Court of Appeal has affirmed a sentence of death imposed by any other court;
(e) decisions on any question –
(i) whether any person has been validly elected to the office of President or Vice-President under this Constitution,
(ii) whether the term of office of office of President or Vice-President has ceased,
(iii) whether the office of President or Vice-President has become vacant; and
(c) such other cases as may be an Act of the National Assembly.

(3) Subject to the provisions of subsection (2) of this section, an appeal shall lie from the decisions of the Court of
Appeal to the Supreme Court with the leave of the Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court.

(4) The Supreme Court may dispose of any application for leave to appeal from any decision of the Court Appeal in
respect of any civil or criminal proceedings in the record of the proceedings if the Supreme Court is of opinion that
the interests of justice do not require an oral hearing of the application.

(5) Any right of appeal to the supreme Court from the decisions of the Court of Appeal conferred by this section
shall be exercisable in the Case of civil proceedings at the instance of a party thereto, or with the leave of the Court
of Appeal or the Supreme Court at the instance of an person having an interest in the matter, and in the case of
criminal proceedings at the instance of an accused person, or subject to the provisions of this Constitution and any
powers conferred upon the Attorney-General of the Federation or the Attorney-General of a state to take over and
continue or to discontinue such proceedings, at the instance of such other authorities or persons as may be
prescribed.

(6) Any right of appeal to the Supreme Court form the decisions of the Court of Appeal conferred by this section
shall, subject to section 236 of this Constitution, be exercised in accordance with any Act of the National Assembly
and rules of court for the time being in force regulating the powers, practice and procedure of the Supreme Court.

SEE ALSO  Section 47-51 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Section 234 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Constitution

For the purpose of exercising any jurisdiction conferred upon it by this Constitution or any Law, the Supreme
Court shall be duly constituted if it consists of not less than five Justices of the Supreme Court:
Provided that where the Supreme Court is sitting to consider an appeal brought under 233(2)(b) or (c) of this
Constitution, or to exercise its original jurisdiction in accordance with section 232 of this Constitution, the Court
shall be constituted by seven Justices.

Section 235 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Finality of determinations

Without prejudice to the powers of the President or of the Governor of a state with respect to prerogative of
mercy, no appeal shall lie to any other body or person from any determination of the Supreme Court.

Section 236 of the Nigerian Constitution 1999

Practice and procedure

Subject to the provisions of any Act of the National Assembly, the Chief Justice of Nigeria may make rules for
regulating the practice and procedure of the Supreme Court.

Credit: https://publicofficialsfinancialdisclosure.worldbank.org/sites/fdl/files/assets/law-library-files/Nigeria_Constitution_1999_en.pdf

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Inioluwa Olaposi

Hi, there. I'm Inioluwa, founder of LawHub NG. I study Law at Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria. And I am interested in entrepreneurship and human development. Contact me at Inioluwa@lawhub.com.ng.

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