Section 8 Evidence Act 2011

Section 8 Evidence Act 2011

Section 8 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Things said or done by conspirator in reference to common intention‘. It is under Part II (RELEVANCY) of the Act. It states as follows:

(1) Where there is reasonable ground to believe that two or more persons have conspired together to commit an offence or an actionable wrong, anything said, done or written by any one of such persons in execution or furtherance of their common intention, after the time when such intention was first entertained by one of them, is a relevant fact as against each of the persons believed to be so conspiring, for the purpose of proving the existence of the conspiracy as well as for the purpose of showing that any such person was a party to it.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, statements made by individual conspirators as to measures taken in the execution or furtherance of such common intention are not deemed to be relevant as such as against any conspirators, except those by whom or in whose presence such statements are made.

(3) Evidence of acts or statements deemed to be relevant under this section may not be given until the court is satisfied that, apart from them, there are prima facie grounds for believing the existence of the conspiracy to which they relate.

Section 7 Evidence Act 2011

Section 7 Evidence Act 2011

Section 7 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts‘. It is under Part II (RELEVANCY) of the Act. It states as follows:

Facts –
a. necessary to explain or introduce a fact in issue or relevant fact; or
b. which support or rebut an inference suggested by a fact in issue or relevant fact; or
c. which establish the identity of any thing or person whose identity is relevant; or
d. which fix the time or place at which any fact in issue or relevant fact happened; or
e. which show the relation of parties by whom any such fact was transacted, are relevant in so far as they are necessary for that purpose.


Section 6 Evidence Act 2011

Section 6 Evidence Act 2011

Section 6 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Motive, preparation and previous or sub-sequent conduct‘. It is under Part II (RELEVANCY) of the Act. It states as follows:

(1) Any fact is relevant which shows or constitutes a motive or preparation for any fact in issue or relevant fact.
(2) The conduct, whether previous or subsequent to any proceedings –
a. of any party to any proceedings, or an agent to such party, in reference to such suit or proceeding or in reference to any fact in issue in it or a fact relevant to it; and
b. of any person an offence against whom is the subject of any proceedings, is relevant in such proceedings if such conduct influences or is influenced by any fact in issue or relevant fact.
(3) The word “conduct” in this section does not include statements, unless those statements accompany and explain acts other than statements, but this provision shall not affect the relevance of statements under any other section.
(4) When the conduct of any person is relevant, any statement made to him or in his presence and hearing which affects such conduct is relevant.


Section 5 Evidence Act 2011

Section 5 Evidence Act 2011

Section 5 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect or facts in issue‘. It is under Part II (RELEVANCY) of the Act. It states as follows:

Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect, immediate or otherwise, of relevant facts, or facts in issue, or which constitute the state of things under which they happened, or which afforded an opportunity for their occurrence or transaction, are relevant.


Credit: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/54f86b844.pdf

Section 4 Evidence Act 2011

Section 4 Evidence Act 2011

Section 4 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Relevance of facts forming part of same transaction‘. It is under Part II (RELEVANCY) of the Act. It states as follows:

Facts which, though not in issue, are so connected with a fact in issue as to form part of the same transaction, are relevant, whether they occurred at the same time and place or at different times and places.


Credit: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/54f86b844.pdf

Section 3 Evidence Act 2011

Section 3 Evidence Act 2011

Section 3 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Admissibility of evidence under other legislation‘. It is under Part 1 (General). It states as follows:

Nothing in this Act shall prejudice the admissibility of any evidence that is made admissible by any other legislation validly in force in Nigeria.


Credit: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/54f86b844.pdf

Section 2 Evidence Act 2011

Section 2 Evidence Act 2011

Section 2 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Evidence in accordance with section 1 generally admissible‘. It is under Part 1 (General). It states as follows:

For the avoidance of doubt, all evidence given in accordance with section 1 shall, unless excluded in accordance with this or any other Act, or any other legislation validly in force in Nigeria, be admissible in judicial proceedings to which this Act applies:
Provided that admissibility of such evidence shall be subject to all such conditions as may be specified in each case by or under this Act.


Credit: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/54f86b844.pdf

Section 1 Evidence Act 2011

Section 1 Evidence Act 2011

Section 1 Evidence Act 2011 is titled ‘Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts‘. It is under Part 1 (General). It states as follows:

Evidence may be given in any suit or proceeding of the existence or non-existence of every fact in issue and of such other facts as are hereafter declared to be relevant, and of no others:
Provided that –
a. the court may exclude evidence of facts which though relevant or deemed to be relevant to the issue, appears to it to be too remote to be material in all the circumstances of the case; and
b. this section shall not enable any person to give evidence of a fact which he is disentitled to prove by any provision of the law for the time being in force.


Credit: https://www.refworld.org/pdfid/54f86b844.pdf